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Botanical:Citrus bergamia Risso & Poit
Family: Rutaceae
Plant Portion:Peels
Extraction Method: Cold expression of the pericarp or leaves
Origin: Asia, Italy, France
Description: Bergmot is extracted from a fruit similar to but smaller than the orange. It grows on a petit sized tree with oval shaped leaves that are smooth to the touch. The tree flowers two times a year, both in the spring and in late summer..
Color: The fruit is actually orange but the oil is clear with a yellowish-green tint.
Historical Uses: Typical historical uses for Bergamot include fever reduction, digestive aid, and perspiration inducer. In an aromatherapy sense Bergamot is said to build confidence and uplift the spirits. It has also been said to help relieve depression and anxiety. Additionally, Bergamot works well as a room deodorizer.
History: Bergamot is said to have first made its appearance in 1750 in the vicinity of Reggio Calabria. The individual attributed to its finding is Nicola Parisi. It was not until 1844 that the process of extraction was industrialized. Today extraction is conducted through an abrasion process a far cry from when it was extracted by hand many, many years ago.
Mixes With:Cypress, Lavender, Jasmine, Geranium, Neroli, Roman Chamomile, and Coriander.